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History of Guna

Guna in the state of Madhya Pradesh is known for its contribution in Indian history. Ancient forts, religios monuments counts amongst additional tourist attractions in Guna which is dotted with many historical sites. The British spelt Guna as Goonah or Goona. Guna has shown marked improvement in terms of industrialization with a few well known industries setting up their bases in the region.It has slowly shown progress in terms of economy after it became a district in the state of Madhya Pradesh. History buffs throng this place because of its magnificent and rich historical significance.

Ancient History of Guna

Pradyota dynasty ruled over Avanti. Chandaprayota Mahesena founded the ancient Avanti kingdom.Guna in the state of Madhya Pradesh was part of the Avanti kingdom. The Pradyota dynasty was defeated later on by Shishusangh, the ruler of Magadha. Later Guna became a part of the Magadha Empire after Shishusangh added the kingdom of Avanti to Magadh.

Medieval History of Guna

History of Guna

Guna became apart of Gwalior when in the early 18th century, the Maratha leader Ranoji Rao Scindia conquered Guna . The dynasty of the Marathas successively ruled the princely state and Indian kingdom of Gwalior. In the beginning of 18th century, Chanderi was part of Malwa and Raghograh state had the remaining portion of Guna. Gwalior state took control over the Guna district and Raghogarh became the mandatory chief after the 1857 revolt. It was expedient to locate the district headquarters in Guna because of being a British cantonment although it was a part of the Gwalior state. Eight kilometers away from Guna is Bajrangarh and it enjoyed that privilege.

Modern History of Guna

After independence on the 28th of May, 1948 the Madhya Bharat was formed which was also known as the Malwa Union . The Madhya Bharat had 16 districts and after independence on 28th may 1948, Guna became one of the districts. In 1956, Madhya Bharat was then named as Madhya Pradesh and was confirmed as the state of India. When Madhya Pradesh was declared the state of India, Guna district became part of it.

Archaeological and Devotional Places in Guna

Guna has temples and forts dating back to the 18th century. Most of the forts lie in a dilapidated state, but still command importance due to its rich architectural marvel. The forts like the Bajrangarh fort and the fort of Bhadora were built by the Maratha kings way back in the 18th century. The forts though lying in a ruined state are frequently visited by tourists from various parts of the district as well as from different states in India.

Bajrangarh Fort

Fort of Bajrangarh is located at a distance of 8 km South West of Guna. The imposing fort was built by Maratha rulers in 1775 and today reminds the might of its rulers. An armory house, Rang Mahal, Moti Mahal forms the major attractions of the fort. The fort at the height of 92 meters is a must visit destination in Guna. Once it was a garrison and a fort of importance in Central India.

Today Guna is emerging as famous tourist destination with historical monuments, temples, and more. Religious places like Panchmukhi Hanuman temple, Hanuman Tehkri, the Bisbhuji temple and Jaingarh still seem to the most common places which are frequently visited by tourists. Similarly people often visit Bajrangarh fort to get first hand experience of the architectural master piece of the bygone era.

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