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Geography of Guna

The gateway to Malwa and Chambal is the district of Guna located in Madhya Pradesh. Guna is a city in the district of Guna and is dotted with ancient forts and temples. It is located on the north-eastern part of Malwa Plateau. Guna is the headquarters of the district of Guna. The location coordinates of Guna are 24.65°N 77.32°E. The elevation of Guna is 474 meters.

Physical features of Guna

Topography of Guna

Guna is well defined by the Parbati River on the western boundary and is located on the north-eastern part of Malwa Plateau. The district of Guna is bounded on the east by Ashoknagar district. Rajgarh district is on the southwest of Guna. On the northeast is the Shivpuri district while on the west and northwest lies Baran and Jhalawar districts of Rajasthan. Vidisha district forms the southeast boundary of the region. The two main rivers flowing through Guna district are Parbati and Sindh. The Sindh River forms a part of the boundary with Ashoknagar district by flowing northward along the eastern edge of the district. The Parvati river forms a part of the boundary with Baran district by flowing northwestward through the southern portion of the district flowing to rajasthan. The Guna district was split into two with the eastern portion forming the Ashoknagar district in the year 2003.

Climatic of Guna

The town of Guna experiences dry tropical climate. Guna does not receive much rainfall compared to other regions of Madhya Pradesh . The months March, April, May and June are the summer months. The temperatures soar up to 48 °C in summer. There is hot and dry climate during summers and hence it is not ideal to visit Guna during the summer months.The southwestern monsoon season falls in the months from mid June to September. The post monsoon months are October and November. In Guna, the cold season is from December to February. The maximum temperature during the winter months is normally around 27 °C. The minimum temperature will range around 10 °C during the winter.Winter is the most ideal period to visit Guna as the weather remains pleasant.

Rainfall of Guna

The normal rainfall of Guna district is 1042.5 mm. The Guna District receives maximum rainfall during southwest monsoon period. The southwest monsoon period is from June to September. Nearly 92.2% of the annual rainfall predicates during the monsoon months. Only about 7.8% of the annual rainfall predicates between the months October to May. The maximum rainfall of 1140.20 mm is in Chachora and minimum of 863.5 mm in Ashoknagar.

Rivers in Guna

Geography of Guna

The two major rivers flowing through the district of Guna is the Parbati and Sindh. Guna is located on the banks of the Parbati River. The Gopi Krishna Sagar Dam is situated in Raghogarh and eco-tourism is being promoted in that area with parks, boating facilities and tree huts. As the people of Guna depend on agriculture for their livelihood, they get water supply from water resources like the Parbati and Sindh rivers.

Vegetation of Guna

Guna is home to tribal population. Guna is covered by forests and has many medicinal plants which are used by the tribal population and they possess a vast knowledge on various aspects of plants. The tribes are forest dwellers who live in the forests of Guna. The forests mainly have trees like Teak, Khair and Sal.

Guna at a glance

Country: India
State: Madhya Pradesh
District: Guna
Languages spoken: Hindi
Altitude: 474 m / 1,555 feet above sea level
Latitude: 24.65°N
Longitude: 77.32°E
Climate: Humid subtropical climate
Major rivers: Parvati and Sindh
Annual maximum temperature: 32 °C
Annual minimum temperature: 17.7 °C
Average annual rainfall: 1042.5 mm
Maximum Rainfall: 1140.20 mm
Website: www.guna.nic.in

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